Home » Categories » Multiple Categories

How To Create a SSL Certificate on Apache on Arch Linux

Step One—Switch Into the Apache Config Directory

The first step is move into the main apache configuration directory. All of the subsequent steps will take place within the directory:
cd /etc/httpd/conf

Step Two—Create a Self Signed SSL Certificate

Start off by creating the 1024 rsa private key. The "-des3” option designates the need for a passphrase. Although having the passphrase in place does provide heightened security, the issue starts when one tries to reload apache. In the event that apache crashes or needs to reboot, you will always have to re-enter your passphrase to get your entire web server back online.
sudo openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 1024\
Now it’s time to create a certificate-signing request. If you set up a passphrase in the previous step, you will be prompted to enter it in this step as well:
sudo openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
This command will prompt terminal to display a lists of fields that need to be filled in.

The most important line is "Common Name". Enter your official domain name here or, if you don't have one yet, your site's IP address.
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:New York
Locality Name (eg, city) []:NYC
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:Awesome Inc
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Dept of Merriment
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:example.com                  
Email Address []:webmaster@yourdomain.com
Finally, remove the passphrase:
sudo cp server.key server.key.org
sudo openssl rsa -in server.key.org -out server.key
Finish by specifying how long the certificate should remain valid by changing the 365 to the number of days you prefer. As it stands this certificate will expire after one year.
sudo openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in server.csr -signkey server.key -out server.crt

Step Three—Finish Up

Your certificate has been created and signed. You only have to be sure that apache includes it in its configuration. Go ahead and open up the main apache config file:
sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
Once there, uncomment the following line:
Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
Restart apache to put your changes into effect:
sudo systemctl restart httpd
In your browser, type https://youraddress, and you will be able to see the new self-signed certificate.
Attachments Attachments
There are no attachments for this article.
Related Articles RSS Feed
How To Use a Simple Bash Script To Restart Server Programs
Viewed 1796 times since Fri, Dec 27, 2013
How To Install Z Shell (zsh) on a Cloud Server
Viewed 1543 times since Fri, Dec 27, 2013
How To Create a SSL Certificate on Apache for Debian 7
Viewed 1525 times since Fri, Dec 27, 2013
How To Install Ruby on Rails on Arch Linux with RVM
Viewed 6825 times since Sun, Dec 29, 2013
How To Configure and Maintain Ghost from the Command Line
Viewed 1341 times since Sun, Dec 29, 2013
How To Use Traceroute and MTR to Diagnose Network Issues
Viewed 1704 times since Fri, Dec 27, 2013
How To Install and Use PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 12.04
Viewed 1488 times since Mon, Dec 30, 2013
How To Write a Linux Daemon with Node.js
Viewed 2845 times since Sun, Dec 29, 2013
How To Install Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP (LAMP) stack on Arch Linux
Viewed 3046 times since Fri, Dec 27, 2013